Yi. Line translations by
Dr. James Legge.
Yi indicates that (in the state which it denotes) there will be
advantage in every movement which shall be undertaken, that it will be
advantageous (even) to cross the great stream.
1. The first Yang line, undivided, shows that it will be advantageous
for its subject in his position to make a great movement. If it be
greatly fortunate, no blame will be imputed to him.
2. The second Yin line, divided, shows parties adding to the stores of
its subject ten pairs of tortoise shells whose oracles cannot be
opposed. Let him persevere in being firm and correct, and there will
be good fortune. Let the king, (having the virtues thus
distinguished), employ them in presenting his offerings to God, and
there will be good fortune.
3. The third Yin line, divided, shows increase given to its subject by
means of what is evil, so that he shall (be led to good), and be
without blame. Let him be sincere and pursue the path of the Mean, (so
shall he secure the recognition of the ruler, like) an officer who
announces himself to his prince by the symbol of his rank.
4. The fourth Yin line, divided, shows its subject pursuing the due
course. His advice to his prince is followed. He can with advantage be
relied on in such a movement as that of removing the capital.
5. The fifth Yang line, undivided, shows its subject with sincere
heart seeking to benefit (all below). There need be no question about
it; the result will be great good fortune. (All below) will with
sincere heart acknowledge his goodness.
6. In the sixth Yang line, undivided, we see one to whose increase
none will contribute, while many will seek to assail him. He observes
no regular rule in the ordering of his heart. There will be evil.
Yi. Line translations by
the Duke of Kau
The trigram representing wind and that for thunder form I. The
superior man, in accordance with this, when he sees what is good,
moves towards it; and when he see his errors, he turns from them.
1. If the movement be greatly
fortunate, no blame will be imputed to him: though it is not for one
in so low a position to have to do with great affairs.
2. Parties add to his stores: they come from beyond his immediate
circle to do so.
3. Increase is given by means of what is evil and difficult: as he has
in himself the qualities called forth.
4. His advice to his prince is followed: his only object in it being
the increase of the general good.
5. The ruler with sincere heart seeks to benefit all below: there need
be no question about the result. All below with sincere heart
acknowledge his goodness: he gets what he desires on a great scale.
6. To his increase none will contribute: this expresses but half the
result. Many will seek to assail him: they will come from beyond his
immediate circle to do so.